Santa Catalina de Guadalcazar was the Spanish name for this town wedged in the heart of one of the most fertile valleys along the south Peruvian coast. Thanks to a benign climate, the Conquerors succeeded in planting sprawling vineyards and raking in abundant harvests.
The city changed its name to Moquegua in the final years of the colonial era, the same as the department where it is located. Moquegua then began to develop progressively into one of the country´s leading agricultural areas.
Moquegua, famous for its wines and pisco (grape brandy), features many attractions for visitors. Its main square features a fountain designed by French architect Gustave Eiffel, while in the Iglesia Mayor Church the faithful worship to Santa Fortunata, a martyr from the early days of Christianity. Visitors, heading deeper into de department will find unique provinces such as Torata, where houses still feature picturesque old-fashioned roofs overshadowed by imposing stone mills, or Ilo, the main port on Peru´s coast.
One can order Patasca (a hearly soup of corne, mint and giblets), chupe de camarones (shrimp stew) or the delicious local desserts such as manjarblanco (a creamy dairy paste), the alfajor of penco pastry and the local conrcakes called tortas de maíz throughout the department. All this comes together to create a mix of aromas and flavors that make Moquegua simply unforgettable.