Legacy of Milenary Cultures
Despite its rugged and inhospitable territory, this country is the cradle of highly developed cultures - the most famous being, the Inca civilization.
These cultures thrived thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans. As time has passed, the archeological remains of these cultures form the main tourists attractions of the country and they are the reason that millons visit.
Because Cuzco was the capital of the Incan Empire, the main archeological remains are located in and around this city.
The highlight of many travelers is Machu Picchu, considered by many to be the 8th wonder of the world.
Peru is also home of the Nazca lines etched on its coastal desert, as well as the funerary towers called chullpas near Lake Titicaca.
Near Trujillo is Chan Chan, the largest pre-columbian mud city in the world and north of Chiclayo is the burial site of the Lord of Sipan, whose finding in 1987, constituted the archeological discovery of the century in Peru.
Almost every year archeological remains are being discovered. The National Geographic magazine in its issue of May 2002, describes the discovery of one of the largest incan cemeteries yet found in the country.
The peruvian newspaper El Comercio in an extensive article published on february 27 of 2005, informed that there was a recent discovery of a series of human figures, antropomorph and zoomorph and the principal divinity of the Paracas culture, in the south of Peru, province of Palpa in the Region of Ica.
These geoglyphs belong to the Paracas culture which developed between 1300 BC-AD 200,long before the Nasca culture which developed between 300 BC-AD 700. They occupy an area of 90 square miles.
The archaelogist Johny Isla, Chief of the Archaelogical Project Nasca-Palpa says that this complex is composed of 50 figures, consisting of human, animal such as birds, the monkey, felines and the main divinity of the Paracas culture :"oculado god", named for its prominency of the head and eyes. The same god is represented in the famous textiles of Paracas.